The Predicted One in the Book of Isaiah
Verse 1: Here is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen, in whom my soul delights; I have put my spirit upon him; he will bring forth justice to the nations.
Note: God is always delighted with his true righteous servants. But this special servant has to be a light to the nations, not just Israel. This servant is not an ordinary servant, however, this servant is the Chosen One and a Messenger.
Verse 2: He will not cry or lift up his voice, or make it heard in the street;
Note 2: This verse means that the servant will be very polite. Compare with the Qur'an: Be modest in thy bearing and subdue thy voice. Lo! The harshest of all voices is the voice of the ass. (Surah 31: 19)
Verse 3: A bruised reed he will not break, and a dimly burning wick he will not quench; he will faithfully bring forth justice.
Note 3: The most important words: "he will faithfully bring forth justice." It is a fact to which all the biographies of Prophet Muhammad (saws) testify that he never told a lie. He always took the side of justice. In his prophet hood, he managed to bring justice to the pagan Arabs. Islam is sometimes called Deen e Fitrat in Pakistan, meaning "the religion of nature."
Verse 4: He will not grow faint or be crushed until he has established justice in the earth; and the coastlands wait for his teaching.
Note 4: The Prophet was attacked, plots were made to kill him, people threw trash on him, cursed him, called him a poet, called him a philosopher, and they even fought war with him and his faithful companions. None of the attempts of the pagans succeeded, and the Prophet was never scared, he never grew faint (to use the words of Isaiah), and he finally established justice in all Arabia. And eventually his beautiful preaching spread throughout Asia and then the world.
Verse 5: Thus says God, the LORD, who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread out the earth and what comes from it, who gives breath to the people upon it and spirit to those who walk in it:
Note 5: No need for notes here.
Verse 6: I am the LORD, I have called you in righteousness, I have taken you by the hand and kept you; I have given you as a covenant to the people, a light to the nations,
Note 6: In the above verse, God is speaking. The Messenger is not just an ordinary Messenger, but he as a Covenant to all the nations, and a light for them. In other words, a Last Messenger of the Covenant and a Light for the Nations. These titles specially belong to Prophet Muhammad.
Verse 7: to open the eyes that are blind, to bring out the prisoners from the dungeon, from the prison those who sit in darkness.
Note 7: Compare with the Qur'an: A book (the Qur'an) which we have revealed unto you (Muhammad), in order that you may lead mankind out of the depths of darkness unto light by the leave of their Lord to the way of Him, the exalted in power, worthy of all praise. (Surah 14: 1)
Verse 8: I am the LORD, that is my name; my glory I give to no other, nor my praise to idols.
Note 8: The above verse contains the message preached by Prophet Muhammad.
Then, in the verses after verse 8, we are told other characteristics of the special Messenger. But one thing we must never forget:
Verse 11: Let the desert and its towns lift up their voice, the villages that Kedar inhabits; let the inhabitants of Sela sing for joy, let them shout from the tops of the mountains.
Note 11: The verse explicitly screams, without doubt, that the Promised Servant is especially linked with the villages of Kedar, in the desert. Prophet Muhammad was an Arab, from the tribe of Kedar. Another interesting thing to note, the tribe of Kedar is Quraysh (from which Prophet Muhammad came), and Arabia means "desert." In other simple words:
Let Arabia and its towns lift up their voice, the villages that Quraysh inhabits;
In verse 11, we are even informed of the location from where the special servant was to come, and even his tribe.
Christians argue that the Servant was Jesus: "And many followed him (Jesus), and he healed them all, and ordered them not to make him known. This was to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah: `Behold, my servant whom I have chosen, my beloved with whom my soul is well pleased. I will put my Spirit upon him'" Matthew 12:15-18.
Firstly, in the above verse Mathew disagrees with the Christian concept of Trinity. Christians don't hold Jesus to be God's servant, or do they? They don't. Here, it is also proven that earlier tradition recognized Jesus as God's servant and not a piece of Trinity. In Islam, God is not a cake which can be divided into three. God is one, and he does not have three forms as Christians believe. He has one and only form only, and he is the one and only Divinity. Mathew agrees with Islam that Jesus and all other Prophets were servants of God.
Mathew's quote from Isaiah cannot be accepted for the following reasons:
The other objection is that this special Servant was also linked with the people of Sela, not just Kedar. The fact is that this servant is a light to all nations, not only Kedar, even if he connected with Kedar. But it is clear that he is that he is linked with Kedar than all others:
Let the desert (Arabia also means "desert") and its towns lift up their voice, the villages that Kedar inhabits; let the inhabitants of Sela sing for joy, let them shout from the tops of the mountains. (Isaiah 42: 11)
We see a special reference to Kedar, let the desert and its town shout - the villages that Kedar inhabits.
Strange huh? This time I am including my objections too?
My objections are for the Christians and Jews. Just as the Qur'an claims, they misinterpret their Scriptures and read them out of context. I think that this was something that lead them to interpret Isaiah 42 in Jesus, even though the Servant's description does not fit him.
The Jews, on the other hand, are hopeless cases. I know 100% that in their hearts, they are denying their own interpretations about Isaiah 42, I know that they know that this special Servant is an Arab an not Israel... they are just have to make blind belief on what they have been taught.
And yes, the following don't support Christians:
He will not dim lightly or be bruised till he has established justice in the earth. (42:4)
The Christ was bruised and could not establish justice on earth while he was on earth, but Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) did establish justice in Arabia in his life time.
nor My praise to graven images. (42:8)
It indicates that the future Messenger (Pbuh) will specifically destroy idolatry. Jesus Christ did not preach to the pagan Romans but the sons of Israel, the Jews, who were aware of the Unity of God.
Does Islam claim that Isaiah 42 was fulfilled in Prophet Muhammad? There is an Islamic report (hadith) from two independent narrators about the description of Prophet Muhammad in the "Law." The description from Jewish Scriptures contained in them is totally similar to Isaiah 42. But the problem is still there, the hadith mentions the Torah and not some other Jewish Scripture (that is Isaiah). This could have occurred because the narrator must have been not a Jew who later converted to Islam. Now the hadith:
Narrated Ata bin Yasir:
The second hadith's turn now. This hadith is a report of the answer of a former Jewish Rabbi who converted to Islam during the era of the companions. However, this two mentions that it is from the "Torah" whereas it is found in Isaiah. The following has been taken from a magazine called "Islam Voice":
Ka’ab was one of the Rabbis who accepted Islam during the era of the companions. To question as which of the verses of Jewish scriptures refer to Prophet Muhammad, he related a relevant part in Arabic. Imam Bukahri has recorded his reply in Bukhari Kitab-ut-Tafsir (Surah Fateha) His narration is very similar to ‘Isaiah 42:1-8’ from the Bible. Before reproducing the two i.e. Ka’ab’s narration and the present day verses of the Isaiah, it may be mentioned that Ka’ab’s narration is being translated from his Arabic version of the 7th century in English.
Such variation as shall be observed in the comparison below, is not extraordinary and is no different from the incongruency between the readings of various Bible versions of even the same age. Another point to remember is that Ka’ab was not reading from an open book. He related it in his own words from memory which accounts for the difference in the order of the verses. Now see the following comparison.
1. Ka’ab’s narration: In Torah, He said, O Prophet! We have sent you as witness and bearer of glad tiding,
Isaiah’s reading : Whom I uphold, My chosen, in whom My soul delights, he will bring froth justice to the nations.
2. Ka’ab : And the shelter of unlettered
(who are unaware of the Divine law). (the word
"unlettered" here may have been used in the Jewish way, which
means "Gentile," that is non-Jewish)
3. Ka’ab : You are my slave and My
4. Ka’ab : I have named you, ‘one who
trusts in God’.
5. Ka’ab : Neither pitiless nor harsh,
he will not eliminate evil through evil but will forgive and forgoe.
6. Ka’ab : Nor he will make noise in the
7. Ka’ab : And Allah will not give him
death until through him, He gets the crooked people straightened.
8. Ka’ab : Till the people proclaim
there is none worship able but one God.
9. Ka’ab: Through him, He will open the
blind eyes, deaf ears and veiled hearts.
It is very clear that Islam claims the prophecy of Isaiah 42 was fulfilled in Prophet Muhammad.
The main question is that the reports mention the words of Isaiah to be found in the Law, whereas they are found in Isaiah. At this point, I would like to remind the readers that Islamic reports have been transmitted by a number of people, and small changes occur without doubt. For example, both the reports quoted here mention the Torah, whereas their is difference in between the words which mention Prophet Muhammad. Therefore, we safely conclude that firstly, Allah knows best, and then secondly small changes occur very fast. However, there are 99.99 % common things in both the hadith:
Report 1(a): O Prophet! We have sent you as a witness (for Allah's true religion). And a giver of glad tidings (to the faithful believers).
Report 2(a): O Prophet! We have sent you as witness and bearer of glad tiding,
Report 1 (b): And a Warner, and a guardian of the illiterates.
Report 2 (b): And the shelter of unlettered.
Report 1 (c): You are My slave and My messenger I have named you Al-Mutawakkil (who depends on Allah)
Report 2 (c): You are my slave and My Prophet I have named you, ‘one who trusts in God’. (Al-Mutawakkil in other words.)
Report 1 (d): You are neither discourteous, harsh nor a noise-maker in the markets, and you do not do evil to those who do evil to you, but you deal with them with forgiveness and kindness.
Report 2 (d): Neither pitiless nor harsh, he will not eliminate evil through evil but will forgive and forgoe. Nor he will make noise in the streets.
Report 1 (e): Allah will not let him die till he makes straight the crooked people by making them say: No god but Allah, by which 'blind eyes, deaf ears and closed hearts' will be opened."
Report 2 (e): And Allah will not give him death until through him, He gets the crooked people straightened till the people proclaim there is none worship able but one God. Through him, He will open the blind eyes, deaf ears and veiled hearts.
Now, its your turn to compare them with Isaiah. Compare both of these reports with the LORD'S words in Isaiah 41: 1-8:
Here is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen, in whom my soul delights; I have put my spirit upon him; he will bring forth justice to the nations. He will not cry or lift up his voice, or make it heard in the street; a bruised reed he will not break, and a dimly burning wick he will not quench; he will faithfully bring forth justice. He will not grow faint or be crushed until he has established justice in the earth; and the coastlands wait for his teaching. .... [one verse deleted about the Lord of the "heaven" so that no interference is caused, you can see that in any other Bible] ... I am the LORD, I have called you in righteousness, I have taken you by the hand and kept you; I have given you as a covenant to the people, a light to the nations, to open the eyes that are blind, to bring out the prisoners from the dungeon, from the prison those who sit in darkness. I am the LORD, that is my name; my glory I give to no other, nor my praise to idols.
Now, we conclude from Islamic reports that Isaiah 42 is a prophecy of Muhammad.
Isaiah 42 is a prophecy of Prophet Muhammad.